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General guidelines

Papers can be in any language and of a length chosen by the author, while the abstract (around 250 words) and keywords (5) must be in English. Authors are asked to observe the following guidelines when preparing their text:

1) Use the same typeface throughout.

2) Number pages consecutively in the top right-hand corner.

3) The first line of each new paragraph should be indented.

4) No extra space between paragraphs.

5) Headings and sub-headings should be left unnumbered (headings in capital letters and sub-headings in italics).

6) Leave additional spaces above and below section headings and above and below indented quotations.

7) Type all headings, both main and sectional, with initial capital for the first word only and without full points at the end.

8) Double quotation marks should be used, with single only for quotes within quotes.

9) For quotations/extracts follow the original spelling exactly, using double quotation marks for those less than 50 words; for longer extracts use indentation from the left margin, but no quotation marks. Omissions are indicated by three dots between parentheses.

10) Abbreviations without full stops between letters (for example USSR). Contractions ending with the same letter as the original word do not have full stops (for example eds., Dr., and ed., ch., and so on).

11) Dates as 18 august 1990; 1914-18, 1898-99, twentieth century, and decades as 1990s without an apostrophe.

12) Initial capitals distinguish the specific from the general – for example. ‘she is Professor of Economics at Vienna University’, but ‘she is a professor at a university’. In general, use capitals as sparingly as possible.

13) Where dictionaries give alternatives for words ending in -ise, -ize, use the -ise suffix.

14) Numbers up to ten should be written in full unless indicating a unit of measurement – for instance, 3 kg, two girls, 2 per cent (not %, except in tables). At the start of sentences, spell out numbers. Otherwise only spell out numbers from ten if used in a generalised way – for instance, ‘about a hundred people’. Figures with four or more digits should have commas, as in 4,000. Decimal points appear as a full stop on the line.


Style guidelines

Please also observe carefully the following requirements for notes and references:

1) Footnotes should be used to convey information which comments briefly on, or explains, the text. Notes should be indicated by numbers super-scribed before punctuation and should be provided at the end of the article.

2) Glocalism does however expect references for quotations and information as an indication of the sources used.

3) To give references use author’s surname, publication’s year and, after colon, pages’ number, all between brackets (Smith 2005: 32-33). Use the year followed by a letter to distinguish different publications in the same year (Smith 2002a: 59; Smith 2002b: 12-27).

4) Complete book and journal references in the bibliography at the end of the text:

R.C. Smail (ed.) (1956), Crusading Warfare (1097–1193), 2 vol. (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press), vol. II.

J.R. Young (2006), The Scottish Parliament and witch-hunting in Scotland under the Covenanters, in “Parliaments, Estates and Representation”, 26, pp. 60-91.

H.J. Cohn (2006), The Electors and Imperial Rule at the end of the Fifteenth Century, in S. MacLean, B. Weiler (eds.), Representations of Power in Medieval Germany 800-1500 (Turnhout: Brepols), pp. 295-313.

5) Contributors are especially asked to note that the initials (or first name) of an author should come before the surname, and that the surname should not have any kind of capital letter except for the initial.

6) Book references require place, date of publication and the publisher; journal references require both volume number and date of publication, but the number of the journal part only if pages are numbered separately from the beginning for each part.

7) Page ranges follow the house style: 1-9, 11-19, 20-29, 21-29; 100-109, 101-109.

8) Titles of archive materials, source collections and journals must be given in full at the first reference, accompanied by abbreviations to be used later, if wanted.

9) Usage within an article should always be consistent; typescripts that diverge considerably from these guidelines may be returned to the author for correction.